Pneumonia is lung disease in the human body characterized by inflammation in the airspace in our lungs and most commonly due to infection. This disease can be caused by many reasons such as viral infection, bacterial infection or fungi. Streptococcus pneumonia is the most common bacterial infection. The world pneumonia day is observed every year on 12th November.
Ways the human body can get Pneumonia
to include :
◾1. Most of the time bacteria and viruses are lives in our nose, mouth and in sinuses, which can easily enter into the lungs and can spread all over the lungs.
◾2. In our modern world, the condition of the environment is full of germs such as bacteria and viruses. We may breathe some of these germs directly into our lungs.
◾3. Many times mild damaged food, water, fruits contain many germs in shops, but sellers just don’t know us that and we consume those foods happily which directly attacks into our lungs.
CAUSE OF PNEUMONIA: In the USA the common causes of pneumonia are influenza and RSV(respiratory syncytial virus). A very common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumonia or pneumococcus. But still, some infections can cause pneumonia such as :
1. HMPV: Human Meta Pneumo Virus is an important cause of upper and lower respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia.
2. HPIV: Human Parainfluenza Virus can very commonly cause respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia in children and adults (more than 65 age).
3. RSV: Respiratory Syncytial Virus is a common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia.
4. INFLUENZA: Flu can cause very commonly influenza viruses that can cause pneumonia and mild to severe illnesses.
5. Other causes: There are less common causes of pneumonia including Adenoviruses, Fungi, Coronavirus, Bordetella pertussis, measles virus, and psittacosis.
Vaccine for pneumonia: There is 2 vaccine for pneumonia which protects our lungs to get infect. PCV13 ( pneumococcal conjugate vaccine ) and PCV23 ( pneumonia polysaccharide vaccine ) protect our body from the infections. Bacteria can spread through person to person contact, by sharing foods and clothes which can cause serious infections as pneumonia and blood infections. Every year in the United States 1 million people have to seek care into their hospital because of pneumonia and 70-80 thousand people die from pneumonia. Pneumonia can often be prevented and can treat.
VACCINE CAN LOWER THE RISK: Vaccine can help to prevent infection by some of the bacteria and viruses that can spread into our lungs and can cause pneumonia :
◾5. Whooping cough
The pneumonia vaccine is very safe for the human body but some side-effects can occur. Most of the side-effects are very mild such as headache, nausea, anxiety, vomiting, and fever.
HEALTHY LIVING HABITS: Some healthy living practices can protect our health such as :
1. Keep maintaining a distance from sick people who are affected by bacteria or viruses.
2. Keep your hand always clean and wash every time before having a meal.
3. Coughing and sneezing into a tissue or a hankie or your sleeve.
4. Try to drink warm water or filtered water.
5. Try to keep avoid cigarette smoke and other addictive products.
BOTTOM LINE: There are almost 80 different types of pneumococcus bacteria and researchers have covered 23 bacteria vaccines. The vaccine is injected into the human body to stimulate the immunity system to produce antibodies that are directly fighting against the pneumococcus bacteria.