Infectious disease – Symptoms, Causes , Treatments and Prevention


Infectious disease -  Symptoms, Causes , Treatments and Prevention

What is an infectious disease

Infectious disease is illnesses caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites, or prisons to humans from other humans, animals or the environment, including food, water, and soil.

Infectious diseases can be spread from one person to another through contact with bodily fluids by aerosols. Infectious diseases are one of the leading causes of death in the entire world. Researchers are trying hard to find a way to treat infectious diseases.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of infectious diseases such as :

  • 1  High fever
  • 2  Headache pain
  • 3  Diarrhea
  • 4  Fatigue
  • 5  Muscle pain
  • 6  Weakness
  • 7  Coughing

CAUSES OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES

1. VIRUSES

A virus is tiny Infectious agents that replicate only in the living cells of another organism. The virus is smaller than bacteria. They can infect all kinds of life forms from animals to plants and bacteria to amoebae.

Infectious disease -  Symptoms, Causes , Treatments and Prevention

2. BACTERIA

Bacteria are called germs which multiply very quickly. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections, and tuberculosis. It can spread by aerosol through coughing and sneezing. Example: Streptococcus.

Infectious disease -  Symptoms, Causes , Treatments and Prevention

3. FUNGI

Primitive plant-like organisms such as mushrooms, mold, mildew, and yeasts. Fungi cause disease when they become human parasites. Two examples of fungi in the genera such as Candida and Trichophyton. Candida is the yeast that causes candidiasis which is commonly known as a yeast infection. Yeast can cause life-threatening illnesses.

Infectious disease -  Symptoms, Causes , Treatments and Prevention

4. PARASITES 

Parasites are organisms that live off other organisms, or hosts, to survive. Parasites Infection is a big problem in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

Malaria is one of the dangerous parasitic diseases all over the world. Several groups of parasites infect humans. Example: whipworms, hookworms.

Infectious disease -  Symptoms, Causes , Treatments and Prevention

TREATMENTS 

If the infection is more serious after 2-3 days then he/she should seek medical treatment immediately. The doctor may order to do some blood tests to know the real reason for the symptoms and to know the condition of the infection. If the infection is very serious then the doctor will order to take the vaccine.

Common treatment methods used to treat infectious disease by doctors such as antibiotics. Antibiotics are normally prescribed by doctors to handle infectious diseases. Basically, antibiotics have no side-effects on the disease as caused by viruses.

PREVENTION

The bacteria and the germs are everywhere around us. So it’s very important to take protection to avoid the bacteria. Vaccines are also available to treat infectious diseases. Here are some methods to prevent the infection such as :

1. Always use a hankie when someone is sneezing and apply it in your time also. It’s very common to transfer bacteria through a sneeze.

2. After handling any food such as red meat, vegetables, and fruits, it’s very important to wash those foods and make sure that you are also washing your hands. Raw meat and vegetables contain many strong bacteria.

3. Avoid contact with seeking person: Try to avoid seek people for just some time or don’t share anything with them. Because there is a high chance to have an infection from seeking people.

4. Always have cooked or washed foods. Food which is not cooked can contain many germs which can increase the risks of infection.

BOTTOM LINE 

Infectious disease is now very dangerous all over the world. Many people are suffering from this. Researching trying hard to find a way to treat ‘infectious diseases’.

About Nasima Khatun

Hello everyone, I'm a health and fitness writer on my own website. I'm recently working on my website regularly. All of the information on my website is based on scientific research and nutritional facts.

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