What Is Colon Cancer – Causes and Symptoms Of Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is one of the major causes of death in the USA. Colorectal cancer (CC) can affects older adults in the majority, but it can occur at any stage of life.
CC normally known as bowel or colon or rectal cancer and it affects your colon and rectal majorly. CC begins in the large intestine or in the colon.
What Is Colorectal Cancer - Causes And Symptoms Of Colon Cancer

Colon is the last part of our digestive tract. The rectum is the 7-8 inch chamber which connects our colon to the anus and its job is to receive stool from the colon.

US-based research has shown that 5% of people will develop colorectal cancer during their lifetime. Research has shown that by the advanced techniques it is now possible to fight against the colon cancer and day by day the death rate has been falling gradually.

Symptoms of colon cancer

It is very rare to experience any symptoms in the early stage of colon cancer. If someone experiences symptoms during the early stages, the may include:

  • Sudden change in the bowel movement.
  • Constipation.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Changes in stool color.
  • Fatigue or weakness.
  • Abdominal pain or cramps.
  • Bleeding from rectum.
  • Excessive gas.
  • Headache.
  • Peptic ulcer.
  • Crohn’s disease.
  • Diverticulosis.
  • Vomiting.
  • Bloating.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Unexpected weight loss.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • The sensation of incomplete evacuation after a bowel movement.

Causes of colon cancer

Causes of this type of cancer are not exact as per the research information. But here are some factors which can increase the risk of colon cancer such as:

1. Age

Colorectal can be diagnosed at age of life but research has shown that the majority of people with colon cancer are older than 50-60 age. The chances of getting the cancer increases as people get older. It does not mean that in young and adult people, the cancer can not occur.

2. Race

This cancer is the most common type of gastrointestinal cancer and 2nd leading cause of cancer death in Africa and America. Research has shown that colorectal cancer is very rare in native African populations, less than 1% per 100,000 populations, compared with 65-68 per 100,000 for African Americans. They suggest that it is because of the difference in environmental influences such as diet.

3. Diet

Some study has shown that diets which are high in red meat, processed meat and very high in fats, refined flour, and also sugary drinks can increase the risks of colon cancer because these are not healthy for human body in too much amount.
People who don’t eat a healthy diet and always prefer to eat unhealthy foods can easily increase the chances of colon cancer so you need to eat some healthy foods to prevent the risk of the cancer.

4. Polyps

Most of the this cancer patients develops it in colorectal polyps. Removing colorectal polyps can help to prevent the chances of colon cancer. There are 2 types of polyps which are found in colon and rectum such as :
  • Adenomatous polyps
This type of polyps in the colon and rectum are benign growths and increases the chances of colon cancer. Polyps are larger than 1 cm in diameter.

  • Hyperplastic polyps
It is very rare to have the cancer because of hyperplastic polyps. Large hyperplastic polyps on the right side of the can increase the chances of colon cancer. It is very important to remove the polyps in the colon during the early stage of the colon otherwise it can turn into malignant colon cancer.

5. Genes

The extreme growth of cells can damage the genes and can change the DNA. There are lots of inherited conditions which can cause colon cancer such as :
  • FAP or familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • AFAP or attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • Gardner syndrome.
  • MYH associated polyposis.
  • Juvenile polyposis syndrome.
  • Lynch syndrome.

It is not necessary to have colon cancer with this type of genetic features unless an environmental factor triggers it.

6. Habits

Some particular unhealthy habits can help to increase the chances of the cancer such as eating unhealthy foods in excessive amount such as fast foods, red meat and also spicy foods which are loaded with unhealthy fats. DrinkingĀ  alcohol ( which has no protein and vitamins ) regularly, smoking cigarettes, and also eating processed foods, etc.

7. Diseases

Some risky and serious diseases can help to increase the chances of developing the cancer such as high blood pressure, kidney damage, blood sugar, heart diseases, liver damages, and also major surgeries. These type of serious health problems can increase the chances of colon cancer.

When to see a doctor ?

If you are experiencing all the symptoms of colorectal cancer, then seek immediate medical treatment with your doctor.
Your doctor will carry out a complete physical examination and may ask about your and your family’s medical history because it is very important to know your past medical health.
Here are some medial techniques and your physician may use these techniques to know the condition of colon cancer and to identify the stage of cancer:

1. Colonoscopy

Your physician may order to do a colonoscopy to examine the large intestine (colon and rectum). This test is basically used to evaluate gastrointestinal symptoms. During the colonoscopy procedure, your doctor will insert a long and flexible tube with a CCD camera or fiber optic camera on one end into the rectum to inspect the inside of the colon.

The doctor may strictly suggest following a proper special diet for 24-48 hours before the colonoscopy. By the colonoscopy, if your doctor finds polyps in the colon, then the surgeon will remove the polyps and may refer for biopsy also.

2. Blood test

It is not possible to examine the stage of colon cancer and also no blood test can tell if someone has colon cancer. But your doctor may test your blood for the overall health. Overall health conditions may help to know the condition of the colon cancer.

Treatments for colonĀ  cancer

Treatments of colon cancer depend on the area and the position of the colon cancer, stage of cancer and also depends on other health problems. Your doctor may prefer surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
As colon cancer is very serious health disease so you need take action to treat the disease.
Doctors always aim to remove cancer, stops the growth of the cancer cells and prevent the risk of other cancer development in the future.

1. Surgery

Surgery is one of the major parts of the cancer and it is often the main treatment for earlier-stage the cancer. Your surgeon may strictly order you to do the surgery on a clean and empty stomach and will be put on a very special and light diet before the surgery.
1. For a Polypectomy, if your cancer is small then your surgeon will remove the polyp. This process is usually done by passing a wire loop through the colonoscopy to cut the polyp off the wall of the colon with the help of an electric current.2. If you have large polyps then your doctor might be removed during the process of colonoscopy by using some special tools to remove the large polyps and also a minimum amount of inner lining of the colon in the process of endoscopic mucosal resection.

2. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a very advanced process and it helps to destroy the cancer cells with the help of drugs. Chemotherapy targets any rapidly dividing cells, including the healthy cells. The therapy helps to reduce the symptoms of colon cancer also. Chemotherapy surgery has some side effects such as:

  • Hair loss.
  • Nausea.
  • Headache.
  • Vomiting.
  • Fatigue.
  • Appetite loss.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Sudden weight loss.
The side effects will resolve with some time after completing the treatment procedure. So you do not need to worry about the side effects.

Is it possible to prevent colon cancer ?

You need to take some steps to avoid colon cancer or colorectal cancer. You can collect some healthy habits to change your unhealthy lifestyle, you can follow a very prper diet which will be full of vitamins, protein, fiber, iron, potassium, vitamins, and also minerals. A healthy diet plan always helps to give you a healthy body.
You can promise yourself that you will never drink alcohol and also never smoke cigarette and you will workout in the morning for at least 45 minutes. Also esearch has shown that there is no guaranteed way to prevent the risk of colon cancer.
Modern lifestyle does not think about healthy products but also promotes their self to buy or eat unhealthy thinks. We need to change our daily lifestyle. Seller just wants to sell their products to the normal people no matter how unhealthy it is.
We all need to beath in fresh air, need to stay in hygenic place and should drink fresh water also.
But some healthy personal habits, healthy diet plans, exercise can help to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. So we all should lead a healthy life with healthy rules to avoid any type of health risks.

About Nasima Khatun

Hello everyone, I'm a health and fitness writer on my own website. I'm recently working on my website regularly. All of the information on my website is based on scientific research and nutritional facts.

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