Disease of the heart
OVERVIEW: Almost 70% of people of the entire world suffer from any diseases of the heart at least once in their life. Researchers informed that every 1 in 4 deaths in the world is because of heart disease. Heart disease refers to various types of critical conditions that can affect human heart function dangerously. Basically, the heart is an important muscle of the human body. The heart needs an adequate blood supply to provide oxygen. Many people think that heart disease is one condition, but it is not true, because heart disease is a group of the serious heart condition.

Symptoms of heart disease

Some people with heart disease may experience many symptoms. The disease of the heart occurs with many symptoms such as :
  • 1 Chest pain and chest tightness,
  • 2 Problem during taking breathe,
  • 3 Body weakness,
  • 4 Abdominal pain,
  • 5 Nausea,
  • 6 Sudden dizziness,
  • 7 Fatigue,
  • 8 Heart palpitations,
  • 9 Sweating,

Causes of heart disease

Some habits and some natural problems can put the human body as a higher risk of disease of the heart such as :
  • 1. Having the problem of cholesterol.
  • 2. Having a problem with diabetes.
  • 3. No physical activity.
  • 4. Smoking habit.
  • 5. Excessive alcohol drinking.
  • 6. Because of age ( more than 55 years)
  • 7. Overweight.
  • 8. Stress.
  • 9. High blood pressure.

Types of heart disease

Many types of heart disease occur as a red signal in the human body. Heart disease not only effects our heart but also affects many parts of the human body dangerously. here is the disease of the heart such as :

1. Congenital heart disease

Congenital heart disease or defects occur when our heart experiences one or more abnormalities in our heart. Congenital heart disease is a disease that is present at birth. This is because of the abnormal formation of a child's heart during fetal development. There are mainly various types of congenital heart disease but they can be dived into 3 types such as :

A. Septal defects
When there is a hole between 2 chambers of the heart. The whole puts pressure on the heart to work harder and it affects as high blood pressure.

B. Obstruction defects
It is basically blood vessel defects. The arteries and veins that work continuously to carry Blood through various chambers of the heart are partially or totally blocked. This can slow or block the blood flow, leading to serious health complications.

C. Cyanotic defects
Which is a defect in the heart? This interferes with the heart's ability to pump blood correctly.

2. Arrhythmia heart disease  

It is when our heartbeats irregularly, too fast or too slow. It occurs when the electrical impulses don't work properly. Arrhythmia can become fetal. There are several ways a heartbeat its regular rhythm such as :
  • A heart can beat slowly.
  • A heart can beat fast.
  • Abnormal heartbeats.
  • Irregular heartbeats.

3. Dilated cardiomyopathy 

When our heart chamber becomes delated and as a result, it occurs heart muscle weakness and can not pump blood properly. The oxygen does not reach properly at the heart muscle because of coronary artery disease.

4. Heart attack

This is also known as myocardial infarction or cardiac infarction. Basically, it destroys the heart's muscle and this is usually caused by a blood clot that develops in the coronary arteries.

5. Heart failure

Heart failure occurs when the heart doesn't pump blood in the body sufficiently. It doesn't affect both sides of the heart but it affects one side of the heart.

6. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

It is the leading cause of sudden death in most of the athletes. Basically, it is a genetic problem in which our heart makes it hard to pump the blood in the body.

7. Pulmonary stenosis

This makes hard for the heart to pump the blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery. The right ventricle suffers a lot to overcome the obstruction.

What is CAD?

CAD is the most common disease of the heart. With the disease of CAD people may face blockage in coronary arteries. Coronary arteries are the vessels that help to supply blood in the heart. The coronary arteries occur as a result of atherosclerosis.

Treatments

If someone is having all of the symptoms then he/she should seek medical treatment immediately. There are 2 ways to tackle the disease of the heart :

1. Proper medication

The medical treatment is very wide to manage heart disease. The doctor may order to prevent blood clots. But there are many purposes such as beta-blockers, blood thinners, statins, ACE. On the first day of your treatment, doctors may order to do many tests to find out the real condition of heart disease.

2. Surgery

Heart surgery is a very serious option. Research has shown that surgery may effective to recover heart disease fast. But it's not true totally because after the surgery it takes a lot of time to recover the disease. There is surgery option include :

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
CABG is the most common type of heart surgery. The doctor may order this surgery to treat severe Coronary artery disease. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart.

  • Transmyocardial laser revascularization
This surgery used to treat angina. Angina is a discomfort or chest pain. This treatment used when no other treatments work. During this surgery, the doctor uses small channels through the heart muscle and into the left chamber.

  • Heart replacement
To flow blood in one way our heart valve makes it possible to keep our heart healthy. Heart's healthy valve opens and closes in its own healthy way as the heart pumps blood.

Preventions

Some types of diseases of the heart can be prevented which is not genetic. People must follow these tips to prevent future heart problems and the recent disease of the heart such as :

1. Healthy diet

A healthy diet that is full of protein, fiber, minerals, and vitamins can help to prevent heart disease and also can cure many heart problems such as blood pressure and cholesterol problems.

2. Workout

30 minutes of workout can change our lifestyle. Workout keeps our body active and our heart healthy. So it's very important to work out at least 30 minutes a day.

3. Good sleep

A complete and enough sleep helps to keep our blood pressure normal and our brain muscle healthy. Always try to have 8 hours of sleep every day.

4. Don't smoke

To keep our heart disease away from our lives it's very important to stop smoking. Smoking drastically affects our heart disease.

5. Stop alcohol

Alcohol has no protein but it contains a high amount of sugar which affects our heart badly. Try to stop drinking alcohol or minimize the amount.

Bottom line

The disease of the heart becomes one of the biggest reasons for death for the entire world. The most common type of heart disease is coronary artery heart disease. Research has shown that obesity, too many medications, Restless leg syndrome, smoking, and alcohol are the major reasons for heart disease.

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